Bangladesh is working on national Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) regulatory framework for urban areas, business models for providing FSM services, an integrated development approach for urban slums and low-income communities and recommendations for an improved Master of Planning curriculum in the country.

Additional Reading

Work Plan
Concept Paper for FSM
Engagement Strategy for KP1
Case Study on FSM Scenario in Urban Areas of Bangladesh
FSM Policy Brief

Policy Brief for FSM

Bangladesh has recognized theimportance of an ‘Institutional and Regulatory Framework’(IRF) to deal with the management of human waste. Formulated througha participatory approach involving all stakeholders, the IRF isexpected to lead to systematic and sustainable Fecal SludgeManagement (FSM) in urban Bangladesh.

The ITN-BUET K-Hub policy briefprovides a snapshot of key policy messages, the current situation,challenges and opportunities for FSM as well as what more needs tohappen.

While Bangladesh has achieved severalsanitation successes over the last decades the management of humanfecal waste (FSM) remains a serious issue. Facilities to treat anddispose of fecal waste have become major sources of ground andsurface water pollution with significant environmental, public healthand economic impacts.

The term, Fecal Sludge Management(FSM), is used to describe the entire system for managing human fecalwaste including containment, emptying, collection, transportation,treatment, disposal and/or reuse of the sludge produced in septictanks and pit/pour-flush latrines. Conventional sewerage is notincluded in a FSM system.

The next important steps includeddevelopment of ‘Implementation Guidelines’ for FSM,related service standards, and more importantly facilitate capacitybuilding of the local institutions to ensure success.


Mr. Mahbuboor Rahman Choudhury, ITN-BUET, Bangladesh interviewed Mr. Monzur Hossain, Senior Secretary, Local Government Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development & Cooperatives (LGRD&C), Bangladesh

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